Federal Constitutional Law regulates the creation and dissolution of Russian courts. Article 17 provides that the Constitutional Supreme, Supreme, and Supreme Arbitration Courts of Russia, which were established on the foundation of the Constitution, may be abolished by amending it. Federal legislation, magistrate and constitutional court laws determine the procedure for creating and abolishing other courts of federal importance.
However, no court can be abrogated if it has not transferred to another court the issues related to its consideration. Federal Law declares the Constitutional Court an instrument for constitutional control, conducting independent and independent constitutional proceedings. It also establishes its scope, procedure, and activities.
The Supreme Court of the Russian Federation is the highest body of justice in administrative-gradlan, criminal and other cases falling under the scope of the courts of general jurisdiction. Art. Art. 19 of the Federal Constitutional Law outlines the main provisions relating to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court of the Russian Federation has control over the decisions of courts of general competence, including military and specialized federal courts. In the exercise of its powers, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation considers cases as higher instances.
Article 20 outlines the fundamental provisions regarding the supreme republican and regional (oblast), courts, and the courts of the autonome oblasts, and the cities of federal importance: cases are treated as a court in both the first and second instances. These courts can also be used to control new circumstances and are considered the highest judicial bodies for district courts. working on the territory of Russian Federation’s constituent entities.
Article 21 defines the powers of the district court.
The district court can act as a court for both instances in hearing cases. It also performs the duties required by law for justices-of-the peace acting within the borders of a certain territory. Federal constitutional law regulates the procedure for the establishment, operation, and power of the courts of all of the above-mentioned court. These rules also apply to military courts that are established on a territory basis.